Watermark Initiative LLC has released a new report titled “U.S. Water Stewardship: A Critical Assessment of Interstate Watershed Agreements.”
Watermark investigates, identifies, analyzes, guides and designs solutions to water quantity and quality problems locally and internationally, with input from a team of Hydro Diplomats. Noah Hall, a Hydro Diplomat and attorney, authored this report on interstate watershed sharing agreements.
“Over 95 percent of the available freshwater resources in the United States are interstate in nature and interstate water compacts,” says Hall. “As climate change increases variability in precipitation and susceptibility to drought in North America, interstate compacts will play a crucial role in addressing water supply risks.”
Roy Weitzell, chief scientist at Watermark Initiative, generated 30 national and regional maps of interstate watersheds for the report. “It is critical for business and government leaders to recognize how water transcends state lines. For example, the Colorado River Compact starts in Wyoming, but includes portions of California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and all of Arizona. Some areas, such as a large portion of the Mississippi River Basin, impact numerous states but there are not any interstate compacts in place,” Weitzell comments.
The Great Lakes, containing almost 90 percent of North America’s surface fresh water, are subject to the Great Lakes – St. Lawrence River Basin Water Resources Compact.
According to the Watermark report, the Great Lakes Compact was deemed “adequate” in each of the eight factors which assess the compact’s vulnerability to climate change impacts. This compact was the most modern agreement analyzed and scored the highest overall for its predicted ability to adjust to climate change effects.
Overall, scores of the compacts were less than desirable and lead to apprehension about the ability of the U.S. to deal with current and future water needs. Adam Rix, founder of Watermark Initiative, explains that Watermark is concerned with the condition of these crucial interstate agreements and “aims to make stakeholders in government, agriculture, aquaculture, energy production, commerce, manufacturing and tourism aware of the reality of unsustainable water management in the U.S. in order to facilitate a broad range of strategic responses.”
HED: Partnership will promote good practices among large water users, providers
The Water Environment Federation (WEF) is planning to partner with the Alliance for Water Stewardship (AWS), an international group of like-minded organizations that promotes responsible use of water resources. WEF will participate in a three-year plan to help develop a set of principles and good practices for large water users and providers, including industry and all types of water utilities.
“Insufficient and unsafe water supplies affect over a billion people worldwide and cause an estimated 1.6 million water-related deaths every year,” said WEF Vice President Paul Freedman. “When it comes to water, smart conservation, effective allocation and wise use is essential. As professional stewards of the water environment, WEF has a responsibility to lead and help establish practices that will ensure a sustainable future for clean water and is why we are supporting the AWS.”
Specifically, WEF will provide a utility perspective and other water sector input in the development of global watershed certification and international water stewardship standards over the next three years. In addition, WEF will assist in efforts to secure funding for the AWS via cooperative agreements with agencies such as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and other institutions.